Capital city: Riga

Total area: 64 589 km2

Population: about 2 million

Currency: Member of the Eurozone since 2014 (€)


Latvia lies in Northern Europe, on the eastern shores of the Baltic Sea and northwestern part of the East European craton. The country has a temperate seasonal climate.

We are proud of traditional Latvian folklore, especially the dance of the folk songs, date back well over a thousand years. More than 1.2 million texts and 30,000 melodies of folk songs have been identified.

Latvia has the 5th highest proportion of land covered by forests in the European Union.

Latvia is a democratic parliamentary republic established in 1918. The 100-seat unicameral Latvian parliament, the Saeima, is elected by direct popular vote every four years. Latvia is divided into 118 administrative divisions, of which 109 are municipalities and 9 are cities.

The main economic sectors being agriculture, forestry, tourism.

The popular in the world: conductors: Mariss Jansons, Andris Nelsons, Maris Sirmais.

Opera singers: Elina Garanca, Kristine Opolais, Inese Galante, Aleksandrs Antonenko.

Sportsmen: Kristaps Porzingis (basketball), Ernests Gulbis (tennis). Maris Strombergs (BMX).

Latvian cuisine typically consists of agricultural products, with meat featuring in most main meal dishes. Fish is commonly consumed due to Latvia’s location on the Baltic Sea.  Common ingredients in Latvian recipes are found locally, such as potatoes, wheat, barley, cabbage, onions, eggs and pork. Latvian food is generally quite fatty, and uses few spices.


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